Three RAF members were found dead in their prison cells on 18 October 1977 and the cause of their deaths was the focus of widespread controversy. Seine ersten Schüler sind Gotthard Graubner, H. A. Schult und Kuno Gonschior. His first students are Gotthard Graubner, HA Schult and Kuno Gonschior. Gerhard Richter photo: User Hps-poll on de.wikipedia, license gfdl. The following quotes are excerpts from the compilation:, Richter created various painting pictures from black-and-white photographs during the 1960s and early 1970s, basing them on a variety of sources: newspapers and books, sometimes incorporating their captions, (as in Helga Matura (1966)); private snapshots; aerial views of towns and mountains, (Cityscape Madrid (1968) and Alps (1968)); seascapes (1969–70); and a large multipart work made for the German Pavilion in the 1972 Venice Biennale. Richter, however, preferred a more objective approach and, using a projector at first, began to make photo-based paintings. Richter has been the recipient of numerous prominent awards, including the State Prize of the state North Rhine-Westphalia in 2000; the Wexner Prize, 1998; the Praemium Imperiale, Japan, 1997; the Golden Lion of the 47th Biennale, Venice, 1997; the Wolf Prize in Israel in 1994/5; the Kaiserring Prize der Stadt Goslar, Mönchehaus-Museum für Moderne Kunst, Goslar, Germany, 1988; the Oskar Kokoschka Prize, Vienna, 1985; the Arnold Bode Prize, Kassel, 1981; and the Junger Western Art Prize, Germany, 1961. Born one year before Adolf Hitler came to power, Richter grew up under the shadow of Nazism and then within East Germany. He has worked primarily as a painter exploring both photorealistic methods and abstract works. Angelika Thill: "Catalogue raisonné since 1962" in: Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland GmbH (ed. He has participated in several international art shows, including the Venice Biennale (1972, 1980, 1984, 1997 and 2007), as well as Documenta V (1972), VII (1982), VIII (1987), IX (1992), and X (1997).  In September: A History Painting by Gerhard Richter, Robert Storr situates Richter's 2005 painting September within a brand of anti-ideological thought that he finds throughout Richter's work. Although Richter gained popularity and critical praise throughout his career, his fame burgeoned during his 2005 retrospective exhibition, which declared his place among the most important artists of the 20th century. It was produced at the same time he developed his design for the south transept window of Cologne Cathedral. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Despite unnatural palettes, spaceless sheets of color, and obvious trails of the artist's tools, the abstract pictures often act like windows through which we see the landscape outside. Throughout his prolific career, he has demonstrated tremendous artistic range, shifting between figurative and abstract painting.  Landscapes have since emerged as an independent work group in his oeuvre. Ernst Hohenthal: "A family secret in the public domain". A private collection", Duesseldorf 2004. , Today, museums own roughly 38% of Richter's works, including half of his large abstract paintings. Gerhard Richter (German: [ˈʁɪçtɐ]; born 9 February 1932) is a German visual artist. Friedrich is foundational to German landscape painting. I blur things so that they do not look artistic or craftsmanlike but technological, smooth and perfect. Otherwise I would not take so much trouble over my choice of subjects; otherwise I would not paint at all. As of 2012, no fewer than 545 distinct Richter's works had sold at auctions for more than $100,000. Returning to color charts in the 1970s, Richter changed his focus from the readymade to the conceptual system, developing mathematical procedures for mixing colours and chance operations for their placement. Richter has simultaneously produced abstract and photorealistic painted works, as well as photographs and glass pieces. In 2003, he produced several paintings with the same title: Silicate. Obrist, Hans Ulrich; Elger Dietmar: "Gerhard Richter: Writings", Distributed Art Publishers, 2009. , Firenze continues a cycle of 99 works conceived in the autumn of 1999 and executed in the same year and thereafter. ", "The best thing that could have happened to art was its divorce from government. View Gerhard Richter’s 7,175 artworks on artnet.  In 1996, he moved into a studio designed by architect Thiess Marwede. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Richter was born in Hospital Dresden-Neustadt in Dresden, Saxony, and grew up in Reichenau, Lower Silesia (now Bogatynia, Poland), and in Waltersdorf (Zittauer Gebirge), in the Upper Lusatian countryside, where his father worked as a village teacher. Such distaste for aesthetic dogma has been interpreted as a response to his early art training in communist East Germany. He was previously married to Isa Genzken and Marianne Eufinger. In 1961 he entered West Germany, and from that year to 1963 he attended the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf. Gerhard Richter Biography. In 1993, he received a major touring retrospective "Gerhard Richter: Malerei 1962–1993" curated by Kasper König, with a three volume catalogue edited by Benjamin Buchloh. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gerhard-Richter, Guggenheim - Biography of Gerhard Richter. Obrist, Hans Ulrich: "Gerhard Richter. Gerhard's younger sister, Gisela, was born there in 1936. He is married to Sabine Moritz.  In 1950, his application for study at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts was rejected as "too bourgeois". , In 1972, Richter embarked on a ten-day trip to Greenland, his friend Hanne Darboven was meant to accompany him, but instead he traveled alone.  The paintings evolve in stages, based on his responses to the picture's progress: the incidental details and patterns that emerge. For decades he has sought innovative ways to make painting more relevant, often through a multifaceted dialogue with photography. Richter has produced abstract as well as photorealistic paintings, and also photographs and glass pieces. Lisa Wainwright has held several positions at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago: Dean of Faculty, Vice President of Academic Affairs (present); Interim Dean of Faculty (2007 – 2010); Dean of Graduate... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Eckhart Gillen: "Gerhard Richter: Mr. Heyde or the murders are among us".  Richter's Abstraktes Bild, of 1990 was made the top price of 7.2 million pounds, or about $11.6 million, at a Sotheby's sale in February 2011 to a bidder who was said by dealers to be an agent for the New York dealer Larry Gagosian.  From 1966, as well as those given to him by others, Richter began using photographs he had taken as the basis for portraits. Biography. Notably, some of Richter's relatives were directly involved in the Nazi movement, namely his father, a schoolteacher, and an uncle.  Vierwaldstätter See, the largest of a distinct series of four views of Lake Lucerne painted by Richter in 1969, sold for £15.8 million ($24 million) at Christie's London in 2015. Chance thus plays its role in the creation of his first series. It does not change; it is absolute, and therefore autonomous, unconditional, devoid of style. ", The Gerhard Richter Archive was established in cooperation with the artist in 2005 as an institute of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. Taking his color palette from the photograph, he paints to replicate the look of the original picture. Gerhard Richter (German: ˈʁɪçtɐ; born 9 February 1932) is a German visual artist. He was a fan of the band and did not charge for the use of his image. Richter's mother, the daughter of a concert pianist, encouraged her son's early talent for draftsmanship. The two were married in 1931. He has also served as source of inspiration for writers and musicians. In the period 1965–1974, Richter made most of his prints (more than 100), of the same or similar subjects in his paintings. It was the first career overview of Richter in the United States since 40 Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art in 2002. ): "Gerhard Richter", Ostfildern-Ruit 1993.  Richter's paintings have been flowing steadily out of Germany since the mid-1990s even as certain important German collectors – Frieder Burda, Josef Fröhlich, Georg Böckmann, and Ulrich Ströher – have held on to theirs. Gerhard Richter belongs to the internationally most important and successful artists of the present time. , After struggling to maintain a position in the new Nationalist Socialist education system, Horst found a position in Reichenau. Granted permission to travel to the West, he was exposed to avant-garde art of the period. In 2002, a 40-year retrospective of Richter's work was held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and traveled to the Art Institute of Chicago, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.  In 1995, the artist marked the 50th anniversary of the allied bombings of his hometown Dresden during the Second World War. ", "Perhaps because I'm sorry for the photograph, because it has such a miserable existence even though it is such a perfect picture, I would like to make it valid, make it visible – just, "No one painting is meant to be more beautiful than, or even different from any other. Richter's 4900 Colours from 2007 consisted of bright monochrome squares that have been randomly arranged in a grid pattern to create stunning fields of kaleidoscopic color. Born on 9 February 1932 in Dresden, he began his career as an advertisement and stage painter before attending art school first in Dresden, then in Dusseldorf. Features of the work of Gerhard Richter. As in his representational paintings, there is an equalization of illusion and paint. During this time, he worked intensively on murals like Arbeiterkampf (Workers' struggle), on oil paintings (e.g.  Measuring 9 by 9 ½ feet and depicting both the Milan Duomo and the square's 19th-century Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Domplatz, Mailand [Cathedral Square, Milan] (1968) was a commission from Siemens, and it hung in that company's offices in Milan from 1968 to 1998. He is known to have influenced Ellsworth Kelly, Christopher Wool and Johan Andersson. ), "Art in Theory 1900–1990". , Richter's candle paintings were the first to command high auction prices. Gerhard Richter (German: Gerhard Richter, born February 9, 1932, Dresden, Germany) is a contemporary German painter recognized as one of the most influential living artists.  In 1942, Gerhard was conscripted into the Deutsches Jungvolk, but by the end of the war he was still too young to be an official member of the Hitler Youth. "It makes no sense to expect or claim to 'make the invisible visible', or the unknown known, or the unthinkable thinkable. In part, this comes from his ability to explore the medium at a time when many were heralding its death. "Painting has nothing to do with thinking, because in painting thinking is painting. From the mid-1980s, Richter began to use a homemade squeegee to rub and scrape the paint that he had applied in large bands across his canvases.  In 2006, an exhibition at the Getty Center connected the landscapes of Richter to the Romantic pictures of Caspar David Friedrich, showing that both artists "used abstraction, expansiveness, and emptiness to express transcendent emotion through painting. I painted them nonetheless. This title also referred to the realist style of art known as Socialist Realism, then the official art doctrine of the Soviet Union, but it also commented upon the consumer-driven art doctrine of western capitalism. Oliver Kornhoff and Barbara Nierhoff write about Götz: "1959-1979 professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Düsseldorf. These paintings were created from black-and-white newspaper and police photos. ", "I’m not trying to imitate a photograph; I’m trying to make one. Gerhard Richter, Art Department: All Day. Large oil-on-canvas pieces, these show latticed rows of light- and dark-grey blobs whose shapes quasi-repeat as they race across the frame, their angle modulating from painting to painting. Each color was then randomly ordered to create the resultant composition and form of the painting. Influenced by old master vanitas painters such as Georges de La Tour and Francisco de Zurbarán, the artist began to experiment with arrangements of candles and skulls placed in varying degrees of natural light, sitting atop otherwise barren tables. Richter developed Version II – 49 paintings, each of which measures 97 by 97 centimeters – especially for the Serpentine Gallery. , In February 2008, Christie's London set a first record for Richter's "capitalist realism" pictures from the 1960s by selling the painting Zwei Liebespaare (1966) for £7,300,500 ($14.3 million) to Stephan Schmidheiny. ", At a Q&A ahead of his retrospective at the. In 1976, four large paintings, each titled Seascape emerged from the Greenland photographs. Gerhard Richter was born on February 9, 1932 in Dresden, Saxony, Germany. ", "I don't create blurs.  At Pierre Bergé & Associés in July 2009, Richter's 1979 oil painting Abstraktes Bild exceeded its estimate, selling for €95,000 ($136,000). From 1957 to 1961 Richter worked as a master trainee in the academy and took commissions for the then state of East Germany. Today Richter is most widely recognized for the photo-paintings he made during the 1960s that rely on images culled from mass media and pop culture. He married his second wife, the sculptor Isa Genzken, in 1982. The paintings were based on an official portrait of Ulrike Meinhof during her years as a radical journalist; on photographs of the arrest of Holger Meins; on police shots of Gudrun Ensslin in prison; on Andreas Baader's bookshelves and the record player to conceal his gun; on the dead figures of Meinhof, Ensslin, and Baader; and on the funeral of Ensslin, Baader, and Jan-Carl Raspe.  In a few cases Richter applied lacquer to one side of the sheet, or drew pencil lines across the patches of colour.. Perhaps I also blur out the excess of unimportant information.  In 1980, Richter and Isa Genzken were commissioned to design the König-Heinrich-Platz underground station in Duisburg; it was only completed in 1992.  Richter's high turnover volume reflects his prolificacy as well as his popularity. There he met Sigmar Polke, Konrad Lueg (later Konrad Fischer), and Blinky Palermo (an assumed name). Dietmar Elger: "Gerhard Richter, Landscapes", Ostfildern-Ruit (Hatje Cantz) 2002.  Richter's first North American retrospective was in 1998 at the Art Gallery of Ontario and at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. In 2011, Belz's feature-length documentary entitled Gerhard Richter Painting was released. He starts with a photograph, which he has found or taken himself, and projects it onto his canvas, where he traces it for exact form. Götz at the Düsseldorf Kunstakadamie (1961-64). 21 Facts About Gerhard Richter 1. Richter taught at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg and the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design as a visiting professor; he returned to the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf in 1971, where he worked as a professor for over 15 years. Paintings 1962–1985". The film focused almost entirely on the world's highest paid living artist producing his large-scale abstract squeegee works in his studio. Gerhard Richter was born on February 9, 1932 in Dresden, Saxony, Germany.  With Polke and Konrad Fischer [de] (pseudonym Lueg) he introduced the term Kapitalistischer Realismus (Capitalistic Realism) as an anti-style of art, appropriating the pictorial shorthand of advertising. München and Zürich ( Pendo Publishers ) 2005 and glass pieces absurd as the banking crisis already obtained from... Traveling retrospective at the German newspaper Die Welt when he made one small specifically... Raisonné since 1962 '' in Elizabeth Klaver ( ed. ) Richter in! 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