Nyssa comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs; sylvatica means growing in the woods or forest-loving. ... native, deciduous tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high ... U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest and Range Experiment Station. ... Join Donate. It horizontal branches are rather widely spaced along the trunk of the tree. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Native Range: Eastern North America. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, … Bloom Time: May to June. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica . No serious insect or disease problems. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. Basic Description. Black tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Native Range Border Related Maps. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. Bloom Description: Greenish white. Native Plants Sour Gum. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. It is primarily dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically host a few "perfect" flowers. It is often seen growing in standing water in the lower Mississippi Valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and … USDA Zones. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; not showy, light green in color, in clusters hanging from slender stalks, … Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Sourgum has large, glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip. In the region that is familiar to me, extreme southern Ontario, black gum is found in areas that stay moist due to ephemeral spring flooding and a high water table. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. Plant Type: Trees. Blackgum offers an excellent nectar source for bees. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. Nyssa sylvatica has a native range from Texas, north into Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, and east throughout the rest of the United States, including Ontario in … Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. Nyssa sylvatica ... Natural Range in Florida. Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Excellent ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902. blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica - Black tupelo Range Map. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means growing in the woods or forest-loving. Size: Clear: Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) quantity Add to cart. Figure l-The native range of black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Native to the eastern U.S. as far west as Kansas, Nyssa sylvatica is adapted to a wide variety of growing conditions from poorly drained lowlands to the dry elevations of the Appalachians. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Nyssa sylvatica. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Plant Type: Trees. Although flowers are not showy, they are an excellent nectar source for bees. 1913. 1913. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. Special Usage. Pyrus fauriei Korean Sun™ ('Westwood') Korean Sun™ Pear. Botanical names: Nyssa sylvatica Common names: Black gum, blackgum, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum, pepperidge Origin: Native from southern Maine to central Florida in the east and as far west as Michigan and eastern Texas Where it will grow: Hardy to minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 34 degrees Celsius (USDA zone 4 to 9; find your zone) Typical plant communities: Grows … Wildlife Connections: Blackgum foliage is a host plant for a relatively few insects. Map Legend. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Britton, N.L., and A. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of … Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. Native to Ontario and part of North America. Britton, N.L., and A. Planting site and Native Range. It is strongly tap-rooted, making it difficult to transplant, and relatively slow growing, although that can be accelerated with adequate fertility and moisture. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Occasional periods of dry soil. Planting Site: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, Wide Median, Restricted Urban Site. Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties … Although slow-growing, it still needs to be sited in an area which affords plenty of room for future growth, particularly since it is so difficult to transplant. Nyssa sylvatica. Black gum grows on moist, poorly drained sites in east Texas. The first Nyssa species described was a swamp-growing type. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. Nyssa sylvatica ' s genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; [2] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Black Tupelo is a very refined native when properly placed. This tree is not in our current range and is provided here for customer information only. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Prefers moist, acidic soils. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . Special Features. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Special Usage. Native Range Map . Definition Native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives Native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails Native Plant Hot Spots. Low branches are set at 90 degrees to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good street or lawn tree. Specimen tree where its sweeping branches and scarlet fall color can be appreciated. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. In its native habitat, its occurrence ranges from swampy woods to well-drained dry upland areas. Pests Scales, including Sourgum scale, can be controlled with horticultural oil. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. Sun: … Spectacular scarlet fall color. Native Range: Eastern North America. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Some authorities differentiate between the variety sylvatica, which mostly occurs on well-drained soils, and the variety biflora which occurs in lowlands or wooded swamps. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. 483 t Brown. Tupelo. Fossils of Nyssa's characteristic ribbed seed reveals the presence of these trees in former geological periods and throughout Europe, Asia and North America. [2] The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. Wooded areas, usually sandy, moist to dry. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Brown. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in spring on long stalks (female flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in dense heads). Native Range Map . Flower and fruit: Flowers are small and insignificant. Nyssa sylvatica. For example, black gum is a common name for Nyssa sylvatica, a native tree whose range extends from southern Illinois up the eastern border of state. Go to list of cultivars. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in … Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Although it is native to swampy locations, it is also sometimes found in the wild on dry mountain ridges, and can do well on moderately dry soils with reasonable care. Shade tree. 4 Photos. ... Join Donate. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Nyssa sylvatica. On the other end of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the wild. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Nyssa sylvatica var. While sour gum is a slow growing tree, it is worth including this stunning specimen in the garden. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Nyssa comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs; sylvatica means growing in the woods or forest-loving. 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